Uses & Benefits
Currently, 1,1-Dichloroethane is used in the manufacture of high-vacuum resistant rubber and for extraction of temperature-sensitive substances. Use of 1,1-Dichloroethane for the production of the solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane ceased in the late 1990s.
1,2 Dichloroethane, commonly known as EDC, is a clear, colorless, oily, synthetic flammable liquid chlorinated hydrocarbon. More than 90 percent of the world’s production of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) uses EDC. During the process of producing VCM, quantities of 1,2-dichloroethane are completely consumed. VCM is reacted to produce the versatile polymer polyvinyl chloride, or PVC.
EDC also is used in the production of other organic compounds, including polyethylene amines used for chemical synthesis. EDC was also used as a lead scavenger to prevent the buildup of lead deposits in leaded gasoline, but that use has likewise been discontinued.
Today, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, also called para-dichlorobenzene, is mainly used to produce other chemicals such as polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) resin, a high-performance thermoplastic. Synthetic fibers and textiles derived from PPS are resistant to chemical and thermal attack.
Historically, para-dichlorobenzene has been used as a space deodorant for refuse containers and toilets, and as a fumigant to help control moths, mold and mildew. Those applications have declined in recent years.
Similar in atomic structure to 1,4 dichlorobenzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene is also known as ortho-dichlorobenzene. It is mainly used as a raw material in the synthesis of agricultural chemicals. It has also been used as a solvent and in dye synthesis. Use of 1,2-Dichlorobenzene as an insecticide for termites and locust borers has been discontinued, as has its use by the U.S. Forest Service to combat widespread bark beetle outbreaks.
Trans-1,2-dichloroethylene is generated as a byproduct in the synthesis of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). It can also be produced commercially, in a mixture with the isomer cis-1,2-dichloroethene, to produce chlorinated solvents and other compounds. The trans isomer has been used as a solvent in electronics cleaning, precision cleaning, and other specific metal cleaning applications. Both cis and trans isomer are found in the environment as a result of the anaerobic degradation of the solvents trichloroethylene and perchloroethylene.
1,1,2-Trichloroethane is used in the synthesis of 1,1-dichloroethylene (vinylidene chloride), which is used to in semiconductor manufacture. It is also used to produce various polymers including polyvinylidene chloride, the basis for cling food wrap until the early 2000s. It is also used in the production of other chlorinated products and to manufacture high vacuum resistant rubber.
1,2-Dichloropropane is obtained as a byproduct of the production of epichlorohydrin, which is produced on a large scale. It is used in the production of the solvent perchloroethylene and other chlorinated chemicals. It had been used as a soil fumigant and industrial solvent, but those uses have been discontinued.